February 8, 2011 Comments Off on 50 VERSES ON GURU DEVOTION



By Indian Master Ashvagosha


Note: these practices are specifically part of the Tantric path as practiced in Tibetan Buddhism.


1. Bowing in the proper way to the lotus feet of my Guru, who is the cause for me to attain the state of a

glorious Vajrasattva, I shall condense and explain in brief what has

been said in many stainless tantric texts about Guru-devotion.

(Therefore) listen with respect.


2. All the Buddhas of the past, present and future, residing in every land in the ten directions, have

paid homage to the Tantric Masters from whom they have received the

highest initiations. (Is there need to mention that you should too?)


3. Three times each day, with supreme faith, you must show your respect to

your Guru who teaches you (the tantric path), by pressing your palms

together, offering a mandala as well as flowers and prostrating

(touching) your head to his feet.


4. Those who hold ordination vows, if (your Guru) is a layman or your junior, prostrate (in public)

while facing such things as his scriptural texts in order to avoid

worldly scorn. But in your mind (prostrate to your Guru).


5. As for serving (your Guru) and showing him respect, such as obeying what he

says, standing up (when he comes) and showing him to his seat – these

should be done even by those with ordination vows (whose Gurus are

laymen or their juniors). But (in public), avoid prostrating and

unorthodox actions (such as washing his feet).


6. In order for the words of honour of neither the Guru nor the disciple to degenerate,

there must be a mutual examination beforehand (to determine if each can)

brave a Guru-disciple relationship.


7. A disciple with sense should not accept as his Guru someone who lacks compassion or who is

angersome, vicious or arrogant, possessive, undisciplined or boasts of

his knowledge.


8. (A Guru should be) stable (in his actions), cultivated (in his speech), wise, patient and honest. He should neither

conceal his shortcomings, nor pretend to possess qualities he lacks. He

should be an expert in the meanings (of tantra) and in its ritual

procedures (of medicine and turning back obstacles). Also he should have

loving compassion and a complete knowledge of the scriptures.


9. He should have full experience in both ten fields, skill in the drawing

of mandalas, full knowledge of how to explain the tantras, supreme

faith and his senses fully under control.


10. Having become the disciple of such a protecting (Guru), should you then despise him from

your heart, you will reap continual suffering as if you had disparaged

all the Buddhas.


11. If you are so foolish as to despise you Guru, you will contract contagious diseases and those caused by harmful

spirits. You will die (a horrible death) caused by demons, plagues or



12. You will be killed by (wicked) kings or fire, by poisonous snakes, water, witches or bandits, by harmful spirits or

savages, and then be reborn in a hell.


13. Never disturb you Guru’s mind. Should you be foolish and happen to do this, you will

surely boil in hell.


14. Whatever fearful hells have been taught, such as Avici, the Hell of Uninterrupted pain, it is clearly explained

that those who disparage their Gurus will have to remain there (a very

long time).


15. Therefore, exert yourself whole-heartedly never to belittle your Tantric Master who makes no display of his great wisdom

and virtues.


16. (If from a lack of awareness you have shown disrespect) to your Guru, reverently present an offering to him and seek

his forgiveness. Then in the future such harms and plagues will not

befall you.


17. It has been taught that for the Guru to whom you have pledged your word of honour (to visualize as one with your

meditational deity), you should willingly sacrifice your wife, children

and even your life, although these are not (easy) to give away. Is there

need to mention your fleeting wealth?


18. (Such practice of offering) can confer even Buddhahood on a zealous (disciple) in his very

lifetime, which otherwise might be difficult to attain even in

countless millions of eons.


19. Always keep your word of honour. Always make offerings to the Enlightened Ones. Always make offerings

also to your Guru, for he is the same as all the Buddhas.


20. Those who wish (to attain) the inexhaustible (state of a Buddha’s Wisdom

Body) should give to their Guru whatever they themselves find pleasing,

from the most trifling objects to those of best quality.


21. Giving (to your Guru) is the same as making continual offerings to all

the Buddhas. From such giving, much merit is gathered. From such

collection comes the supreme powerful attainment (of Buddhahood).


22. Therefore, a disciple with the good qualities of compassion,

generosity, moral self-control and patience should never regard his Guru

and the Buddha Vajradhara as different.


23. If you should never tread even on (your Guru’s) shadow, because the fearsome consequences

are the same as destroying a stupa, is ther need to mention never

stepping on or over his shoes or seat, (sitting in his place or riding)

his mount?


24. (A disciple) having great sense should obey the words of his Guru joyfully and with enthousiasm, If you lack the

knowledge or ability (to do what he says), explain in (polite) words why

you cannot (comply).


25. It is from your Guru that powerfull attainments, higher rebirth and happiness come. Therefore, make a

whole-hearted effort never to transgress your Guru’s advice.


26. (Guard) your Guru’s belongings as you would your own life. Treat even

your Guru’s beloved (family) with the same (respect you show for him).

(Have affectionate regard for) those closely around him as if they were

your own dearest kin. Single-mindedly think (in this way) at all times.


27. Never sit on the (same) bed or seat (as your Guru), nor walk ahead of

him. (At teachings do not) wear your hair in a top-knot, (a hat, shoes

or any weapons). Never touch a seat (before he sits down, or if he

happens to sits on the ground. Do not) place your hands (proudly) on

your hips or wring them (before him).


28. Never sit or recline while your Guru is standing (nor lie while he is sitting). Always be

ready to stand up and serve him skilfully in an excellent manner.


29. In the presence of your Guru, never do such things as spit, (cough or

sneeze without covering your head). Never strech out your legs when at

your seat, nor walk back and forth (without reason before him, and

never) argue.


30. Never massage or rub your limbs. Do not sing, dance or play musical instruments (for other than religious purposes).

And never chatter idly or speak in excess (or too loudly) within the

range of (your Guru’s) hearing.


31. (When your Guru enters the room) get up from your seat and bow your head slightly. Sit (in his

presence) respectfully. At night, at rivers or on dangerous paths, with

(your Guru’s) permission, you may walk before him.


32. In the direct sight of his Guru, (a disciple) with sense should not (sit) with

his body twisted around, nor lean (casually) against pillars and such.

Never crack your knuckles, (play with your fingers or clean your nails).


33. When washing (your Guru’s) feet or his body, drying, massaging (or

shaving) him, precede such actions with (three) prostrations and at

their conclusion do the same. Then attend (to yourself) as much as you



34. Should you need to address (your Guru) by his name, add the title “Your Presence” after it. To generate respect for him in

others, further honorifics may also be used.


35. When asking for your Guru’s advice, (first announce why you have come). With palms

pressed together at your heart, listen to what he tells you, without

(letting your mind) wander about, Then (when he has spoken), you should

reply, “I shall do exactly as you have said.”


36. After doing (what your Guru has told you), report (what has happened) in polite,

gentle words. Should you yawn or cough, (clear your throat or laugh in

his presence), cover your mouth with your hand.


37. If you wish to receive a certain teaching, request three times with your palms

pressed together, while before him on your (right) knee. (Then at his

discourse), sit humbly and with respect, wearing appropriate clothing

that is neat (and clean, without ornaments, jewelery or cosmetics).


38. Whatever you do to serve (your Guru) or show him respect, should never

be done with an arrogant mind. Instead you should be like a newly-wed

bride, timid, bashful and very subdued.


39. In the presence of (the Guru) who teaches you (the Path), stop acting in a conceited,

coquettish manner. As for boasting to others what you have done (for

your Guru), examine (your conscience) and discard all such acts.


40. If you are (requested) to perform a consecration, (an initiation into) a

mandala, a fire puja or to gather disciples and deliver a discourse,

you may not do so if your Guru resides in that area, unless you receive

his prior permission.


41. Whatever offerings you receive from performing such rites as (the consecration known as) “Opening the Eyes”,

you should present all these to your Guru. Once he has taken a token

portion, you may use the rest for whatever you like.


42. In the presence of his Guru, a disciple should not act (as a Guru) to his own

disciples and they should not act towards him as their Guru. Therefore

(before your own Guru), stop (your disciples) from showing you respect

such as rising (when you come) and making prostrations.


43. Whenever you make an offering to your Guru, or whenever your Guru

presents you with something, a disciple with sense will (present and)

receive this, using both hands and with his head slightly bent.


44. Be diligent in all your actions, (alert and) mindful never to forget

(your word of honour). If fellow-disciples transgress (what is proper)

in their behaviour, correct each other in a friendly manner.


45. If because of sickness you are physically (unable) to bow to your Guru

and must do what normally would be prohibited, even without (his

explicit) permission, there will be no unfortunate consequences if you

have a virtuous mind.


46. What need is there to say much more. Do whatever pleases your Guru and avoid doing anything he would not like.

Be diligent in both of these.


47. “Powerful attainments follow from (doing what) your Guru (likes).” This has been said by (the Buddha)

Vajradhara himself. Knowing this, try to please your Guru fully with

all the actions (of your body, speech and mind).


48. After a disciple has taken refuge in the Triple Gem and developed a pure

(Enlightened) motive, he should be given this (text) to take to his

heart (how to abandon his own arrogant self-will and) follow in his

Guru’s footsteps (along the Graded Path to Enlightenment).


49. (By studying the prerequisite trainings of Guru-devotion and the Graded

Path, common to both the Sutra and Tantra,) you will become a (suitable)

vessel (to hold) the pure Dharma. You may then be given such teachings

as Tantra. (After receiving the proper initiations,) recite out loud the

fourteen root vows and take them sincerely to your heart.


50. As I have not made the mistake (of adding my personal interpretation) when

writing this work, may this be of infinite benefit to all disciples who

would follow their Guru. By the limitless merit I have gathered in this

way, may all sentient beings quickly attain Buddhahood.



see also The Fifty Verses of Devotion to the Spiritual Master


Tags- Guru, devotion

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